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Numerical modeling of hybrid laser welding taking into account phase change of material

Citace:
DOLEŽEL, I., KOTLAN, V., HAMAR, R., PÁNEK, D. Numerical modeling of hybrid laser welding taking into account phase change of material. COMPEL : the International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2017, roč. 36, č. 2, s. 417-426. ISSN: 0332-1649
Druh: ČLÁNEK
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Numerical modeling of hybrid laser welding taking into account phase change of material
Rok vydání: 2017
Autoři: Prof. Ing. Ivo Doležel CSc. , Doc. Ing. Václav Kotlan Ph.D. , Ing. Roman Hamar Ph.D. , Ing. David Pánek Ph.D. ,
Abstrakt EN: Purpose -This paper aims to present a three-dimensional (3D) model of hybrid laser welding of a steel plate. Before welding, the plate is pre-And/or post-heated by induction to avoid mechanical stresses in material due to high gradients of temperature. Welding itself is realized by laser beam without welding rod. The model takes into account existence of both solid and liquid phases in the weld. Design/methodology/approach - Presented is the complete mathematical model of the above heat treatment process, taking into account all relevant nonlinearities (saturation curve of the processed steel material and temperature dependences of its physical parameters). Its numerical solution is realized by the finite element method. Some important results are compared with experimental data. Findings - In comparison with the former model developed by the authors that did not take into account the phase change, the results are more realistic and exhibit a better accordance with measurements. On the other hand, they strongly depend on sufficiently accurate knowledge of material parameters in both solid and liquid levels (that represent the input data). Research limitations/implications -The quality of calculated results strongly depends on the material properties and their temperature dependencies. In case of alloys (whose chemical composition may vary in some range), such data are often unavailable and must be estimated on the basis of experiments. Another quantity that has to be calibrated is the time dependence of power delivered by the laser beam, which is due to the production of a plasma cloud above the exposed spot. Practical implications -The presented model and methodology of its solution may represent a basis for design of the complete technology of laser welding with induction pre-heating and/or post-heating. Originality/value - Fully 3D model of hybrid laser welding (supplemented with pre-And/or post-heating by magnetic induction) taking into account both solid and...
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